チャイコフスキー(1840-1893)

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String Quartet, 3, : Ruysdael Q +prokofiev, G.prokofiev

チャイコフスキー(1840-1893)

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カタログNo
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COBRA0033
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1
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Europe
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CD
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商品説明

String Quartet No. 3 in E? minor Op. 30 (1876) Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky I Andante sostenuto - Allegro moderato II Allegretto vivo e scherzando III Andante funebre e doloroso, ma con moto IV Finale. Allegro non troppo e risoluto In 1876 at the age of thirty-five Tchaikovsky enjoyed a brief but inspiring trip from his native city of Moscow to visit Modest, his brother, in Paris. On the 20th January the composer saw one of the final performances of the first production of Bizet's Carmen. It had a profound effect on him and he was to later describe it as perhaps the most outstanding operatic work of our age. During his time in Paris, Tchaikovsky was beginning work on his third and final string quartet. Perhaps due to his rapture at seeing Carmen, the quartet appears to have sprung from one of Tchaikovsky's less depressive periods. However the impetus for writing the work was the death of his friend the Czech violinist and composer Ferdinand Laub who was also a colleague at the Moscow Conservatory. Laub had been the first violinist in the premiere performances of the composer's first (1871) and second (1874) string quartets, so it seems only fitting that Tchaikovsky dedicated the work to his memory. Tchaikovsky completed the work in less than two months whereupon it received a number of performances, the first being a private performance on 14th March 1876 at one of Nikolai Rubinstein's soires. The next day, during a bout of self-doubt, Tchaikovsky wrote to Modest I think I'm all written out and accused himself of rewriting the same ideas. The work is both brooding and elegiac and hailed by academics as an equal, if not a superior, of the two earlier quartets. Tchaikovsky had already demonstrated his assured mastery of the medium in the previous two works and in the third quartet only need expand on the expressive and communicative qualities that were already hallmarks of his compositional style. His abundance of creative ideas are tightly packed into the traditional four-movement structure and occasionally push the form to breaking point. Written in the key of E-flat minor, which has six out of the seven notes of the scale flattened, this has a particular effect on the resonance of the instruments. With no opportunities to play with open-strings there are fewer overtones giving the piece a more muffled and subdued sound world. It is the first movement that stretches the boundaries furthest with a complex structure and demanding, emotional outpouring. From the outset the intense and anguished introduction alternates duplets and triplets anticipating the main musical material of the movement. Whilst the first violin takes a clear lead the viola and 'cello also play prominent roles in providing contrary musical ideas. Unusually, the Allegro begins with a three-beat pulse (3/4) but rarely succumbs to any feeling of waltz as Tchaikovsky compounds rhythmic ideas. Favouring a hemiola effect, at the height of the developmental section this is pitted against syncopation, triplets and dotted rhythms in complete contrast to the moments of rhythmical unity. The movement concludes by returning to the uneasy rocking harmony of the opening 6/8. A note in the fair manuscript copy indicates that Tchaikovsky had intended the scherzando movement should follow the funebre, but by the time of publication these had been reversed. The light and airy scherzo provides welcome relief between the two darker movements. It's concise use of material is typical of Tchaikovsky with a contrasting middle section that, whilst retaining the opening pulse, sounds slower because longer note values are used. The dedication to Laub is realised in the third movement with an almost celebratory sounding fanfare. It is played with a strange timbre though as Tchaikovsky requests the instruments to play both forte and con sordino undermining the apparent intention. The commanding chords give way to the second violin evoking Russian Orthodox chant where the movement becomes restless, betraying the emotional intensity of Tchaikovsky's score for Swan Lake. The frequen

収録曲   

  • 01. Tchaikovsky; String Quartet No. 3 Op. 30; I: Andante Sostenuto-Allegro Moderato
  • 02. Tchaikovsky; String Quartet No. 3 Op. 30; II: Allegretto Vivo E Scherzando
  • 03. Tchaikovsky; String Quartet No. 3 Op. 30; III: Andante Funebre E Doloroso
  • 04. Tchaikovsky; String Quartet No. 3 Op. 30; IV: Finale. Allegro Non Troppo E Risoluto
  • 05. Sergei Prokofiev: Sonata for 2 Violins Op. 56; I: Andante Cantabile
  • 06. Sergei Prokofiev: Sonata for 2 Violins Op. 56; II: Allegro
  • 07. Sergei Prokofiev: Sonata for 2 Violins Op. 56; III: Comoodo (Quasi Allegretto)
  • 08. Sergei Prokofiev: Sonata for 2 Violins Op. 56; IV: Allegro Con Brio
  • 09. Gabriel Prokofiev: String Quartet No. 3; I: Swisted
  • 10. Gabriel Prokofiev: String Quartet No. 3; II: A-Turner
  • 11. Gabriel Prokofiev: String Quartet No. 3; III: Andan-Lang
  • 12. Gabriel Prokofiev: String Quartet No. 3; IV: Spesso Fragile
  • 13. Gabriel Prokofiev: String Quartet No. 3; V: When-Where Groove

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チャイコフスキー(1840-1893)

1840年:ロシアのウラル地方ヴォトキンスクで鉱山技師の次男として誕生。 1859年:法務省に勤務。 1861年:アントン・ルービンシュタインが設立した音楽教室(1962年にペテルブルク音楽院となる)に入学。 1863年:法務省を退職。 1866年:交響曲第1番『冬の日の幻想』初演。初のオペラ「地方長官」を完成。 1875年:ピア

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